Parsnips, also known in other regions as turnips, are a root vegetable. While they are related to common turnips (and, in fact, some references claim they were the same), the parsnip is the only member of its family that is grown for its edible, edible root. The parsnip is a member of the genus Pastinaca, which is a variety of the species Pastinaca sativa.

Parsnips are an ancient vegetable and have been part of the European diet for over 4,000 years. They are a root vegetable and are eaten as a substitute for potatoes and as an accompaniment to meat dishes. Parsnips are believed to be good for the heart when eaten raw or steamed.

Parsnips are a type of root vegetable. They are a perennial plant with a taproot that grows in the wild and can be cultivated. Parsnips are of interest to humans because of their nutrition and health benefits.

A Quick Look

Parsnips are members of the same plant family as carrots and parsley. With green, leafy tips and a long meaty base, parsnips resemble carrots. Potassium may be found in abundance in parsnips. Parsnips may be eaten raw or cooked.


A parsnip is a root vegetable that is related to the carrot and parsley plants. If left in the ground until frost, its long, tuberous, cream-colored root gets sweeter. Parsnips may be kept in a cold location for months, although they taste best in the late fall and early winter. They may be eaten fresh or cooked.


Parsnips have green, leafy tops and a long, or occasionally bulbous, meaty root, similar to carrots. The plant’s edible component is the root.

Nutritional Information

A typical parsnip has 75 calories, 1.2 grams of protein, 5.0 grams of fiber, 5.0 grams of sugar, and 18.0 grams of carbs.

Parsnips have a lot of vitamins and minerals in them. They’re a particularly good source of potassium, with 375 milligrams per 100g. They’re also high in antioxidants, and their anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, and anti-fungal qualities are well-known.


When purchasing parsnips, seek for roots that are smooth, solid, and medium in size. Avoid parsnips that are too big, woody-looking, or soft and shriveled. They won’t have the same flavor. Avoid those that are excessively long, straggly, or thin, since they are more difficult to peel and prepare.

Handle parsnip shoots and leaves with care if you cultivate them. The sap includes a photosensitive component that may cause a rash and itching skin in sensitive individuals.


Parsnips should be stored in a cool location, such as the crisper of your refrigerator or a cold cellar. Uncooked parsnips should not be frozen. Although parsnips are seldom sold with their tops on, if you do find any at the market, remove them before storage.


Simply wash, peel, and chop up parsnips to consume raw. They’re sweet and tasty, and they go well with sliced apples, walnuts, and a sharp-tasting green like arugula in a salad.

Boiling, steaming, sautéing, roasting, or frying parsnips are all options.

Roasting is one option.

Parsnips should be washed and peeled before being cut into “sticks” approximately 12” thick. Toss the parsnips with a tablespoon or two of olive oil, some salt and pepper, and, if preferred, a sprig of thyme or a few garlic cloves. Roast for approximately 20 minutes at 450°F, or until soft and slightly caramelized around the edges, on a greased baking sheet or in a Pyrex casserole.

Note: In addition to parsnips, you may roast carrots or potatoes. Parsnips will cook more quickly than the other root veggies.

Boiling (option 2)

Parsnips should be washed and peeled before being cut into pieces. Bring a saucepan of water to a boil, then add the parsnips and salt to taste. Allow to simmer until the parsnips are mushy when tested with a cake tester. Drain and season to serve right away, or use in other dishes like purées.

Roasted Parsnips with Dates and Carrots (recipe)


This is a delicious fall side dish to serve with grilled steak or roasted poultry. Make a frittata or salad with any leftovers.


cleaned and peeled parsnips 1 pound cleaned and peeled young carrots 1 pound pitted and halved dates 1/3 cup extra virgin olive oil 1 tbsp salt (kosher) a half teaspoon of parsley leaves 1/4 cup oregano, dry a half-teaspoon of yogurt (optional) 2 tablespoons


Time to Prepare: 10 minutes Time to prepare: 25 minutes 4-6 servings of side dishes

Preheat the oven to 350 degrees Fahrenheit. To begin, quarter the parsnips lengthwise so that they are about the same size as the carrots.

Note that 1 pound of parsnips and carrots is about equal to 1 big bunch of each.

Toss the parsnips and carrots with the dates, oregano, salt, and olive oil in a large mixing basin.

Toss everything together thoroughly and transfer to an 8′′ x 11′′ baking dish. Bake for approximately 25 minutes, or until the vegetables are fork tender.

If desired, garnish with parsley leaves and sprinkle with yogurt.

Refrigerate any leftovers.


Book of Free Recipes

Every month, the Encyclopedia of Food grows as we include new delicacies and stunning food photography. Simply click this link to keep up with the latest news. Following that, we’ll give you a complimentary copy of our recipe book. We’ll also notify you when we introduce new and tasty items to the site.

For a free copy of the Encyclopedia of Food recipe book, go here.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are parsnips good with?

Parsnips are typically served with mashed potatoes, cream or butter.

What do parsnips taste like?

Parsnips are a root vegetable with a mild, slightly sweet flavor.

Do you have to peel parsnips?

Yes, you do.

This article broadly covered the following related topics:

  • parsnip & apple soup recipes
  • carrot & parsnip soup recipe
  • roasted apple & parsnip soup recipe
  • carrot & parsnip soups recipes
  • parsnip food recipes
You May Also Like

Can Stevia harm dogs? |

Many believe that artificial sweeteners like aspartame are dangerous to humans, but…

Can a CNA Do catheter care? |

A CNA is a Certified Nursing Assistant. They are trained to work…

Can you pop Montgomery tubercles? |

Montgomery tubercles are small, round elevations on the side of a breast.…

Can potatoes draw out infection? |

In a study published in the Journal of Medical Microbiology, researchers tested…